History, in its essence, is an entertaining thing. Military history is doubly interesting. Well, if you live in the place where it is done [both in the literal and figurative sense], then you have to hand the cards.
Probably, many of you, dear readers, have heard such non-binding words as “Moon”, “Point”, “Oka”, “Iskander”, “Poplar”. Experts in military affairs will answer - they heard, we know. Yes, these are missile systems for various purposes that were, and some of them are now in service with the Russian army. What unites them, you ask? I will answer - the main place of design and manufacture. His name is Volgograd. More specifically, the Volgograd Central Design Bureau [Central Design Bureau] "Titan" and the factory "Barricades".
It was 1957. There were only a few years left before the Caribbean crisis. The top leadership of the USSR instructs the Soviet defense industry to develop a completely new type of missile weapon. Its main characteristic is mobility. In a short time, on the basis of the light floating tank PT-76, a complex with a new missile developed at the Institute of Heat Engineering was created.
And only a select few knew that the Barricades plant was engaged in the assembly of these installations. But the complex revealed a big drawback. At a practically permissible speed of 40 km / h, already at 16 kilometers per hour there were unacceptable overloads for the warhead. [And even that didn’t stop putting in October 1962 the twelve Luna operational-tactical complexes in Cuba. The world hung in the balance. To preserve it, as the Soviet leadership considered, all means are good.] In this regard, even before the missile system was put on combat duty, its modernization began. And they ordered her in 1961 to the Volgograd Central Design Bureau “Titan”. So there was "Luna-M".
Everything was literally reworked. Instead of a caterpillar, the installation received a wheeled chassis. Plus, unlike American complexes, she had her own special lifting mechanism. Instead of 17 people, the Volgograd brainchild had only seven equipment maintenance personnel.
And the warhead of the rocket received a truly royal gift - “clothes” made of deer fur.
The peak of equipping the Soviet army with the modernized Luna-M came at the end of the eighties of the 20th century. For 1986, on duty there were about seven hundred and fifty original products.
As you already understood, the story of the creation of mobile missile systems capable of carrying both nuclear and conventional charges did not end there. No wonder I mentioned at the beginning of the article the same Iskander. Namely because of them, some time ago, hype was raised, more precisely, after the appearance in the Kaliningrad region of several divisions of this special equipment.
Now you know where all these things come from. Yes, they are from the banks of the Great River, from the Volga-Matushka. From Volgograd.