Nowadays, more and more people are buying modern routers and devices that support networks at a frequency of 5 GHz, the speed of which is much higher than 2.4 GHz networks and on average it is about 500-700 Mbit / s (although on very modern devices the speed can be several times higher. for example, up to 5334 Mbps on a Wi-Fi router ASUS RT-AC5300). Such speeds make it easy to refuse to transfer files via USB, because it is much more convenient than messing with wires, especially considering the modern mode to remove the 3.5-jack and output all into one USB Type-C.
The article is more aimed at beginners who recently have an android in their hands.
Consider three types of applications that allow us to work with files stored on the device. Unfortunately, I do not have enough modern devices, the TP-LINK Archer T2UH adapter launched in the access point mode (which cuts its speed by ~ 2.5 times) to which Xiaomi Mi Note is connected acts as a router.
All programs are considered for transmission on the local network.Programs with your web interface
Let's start with the simple WiFi File Explorer
program - which allows you to download, move, delete, rename, copy and archive files in the web interface, as well as view photos, video and audio.
When the program starts, a link is displayed that must be entered in a browser on a PC or any other device. In the program settings, you can specify the path that opens by default and change the other settings we do not really need.
View on the phone:
View on the computer in the browser:
Built in file managers
For example, ASUS File Manager
, a file manager from ASUS, also has the ability to fumble files from the phone, we are still invited to enter the link in the browser, however, there are no settings, and the functionality is limited only to downloading and deleting files, this is built into many popular managers files, it is worth noting that this feature is very fastidious to the browser, and strictly requires the latest versions of Chrome / Firefox / EDGE.
View on the phone and in the browser:
Of the most I liked, FTP Server 1.32
and Mi FileExplorer
can be distinguished, the market is full of other applications, but be careful, some when working with Russian names turn them into hieroglyphs. FTP is simple, but not very convenient (and sometimes very convenient). You can download, rename and delete files on the device. You still need to enter the address from the phone screen, but this time, the browser will only offer to download files, by inserting the link into the windows or linux explorer you can work fully, you can also use FTP programs that are available for all systems and devices . Convenience is that some programs allow you to automatically start the server, so you do not have to run the application on the phone every time.
On this, the programs for transferring files end, all three types can be found a bunch of analogues, I wrote about those that I liked the most. The file transfer speed in both directions on all programs was about 100 Mbit / s, this allows us to conclude that the speed is the same in all cases and is equal to the maximum network speed;
What if I want to transfer files wirelessly, but I don’t have a router at hand?
Then you can turn on the access point on the phone itself and connect a computer to it, or you can launch the access point on a laptop or computer equipped with a Wi-Fi adapter, you can do this in two ways:
The first is to use the built-in feature of windows 10 by turning on the access point mode in the parameters. It doesn’t work with all adapters. If you have an Intel adapter, cry quietly because Intel blocks access point mode on its adapters.
Enabling an access point in Windows 10:
The second is to use console commands to enable the access point (relevant for Windows 7 and newer):
Access Point Information:
netsh wlan show hostednetwork
Point parameters (where OGSE is the network name, 12345678 is the password):
netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode = allow ssid = OGSE key = 12345678
Access Point Launch:
netsh wlan start hostednetwork
Disconnect Access Point:
netsh wlan stop hostednetwork
Disable access point mode (virtual adapter):
netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode = disallow
But that’s not all, there is a network, but without the Internet, if you go to the adapter’s settings, go to additional settings in it and check the box for shared access, your laptop will turn into a full-fledged router, unlike the android working simultaneously on Wi- Fi and supporting access point mode.
Console Access Point Mode:
What if the gentleman wants the other way around, from the phone to manage files on a PC?
And this is also possible, and also by the built-in Windows tools, for this we need to start the FTP server, but by default it is not available in the system. To enable it, you need to select the "Programs" section in the control panel, then "Enable or disable Windows components." In the Windows Components dialog box, expand IIS. Expand the FTP server node. Select the FTP Server check box and the FTP Service check box, and then click OK. After that, the system will install the necessary components for work, it is recommended that you restart the PC after that.
Video on further clicks on the buttons:
I didn’t do anything else after setting the parameters, everything works so (possibly due to the firewall being disabled). You can create only one server, allowing access to only one drive / folder / flash drive.
Now you can connect to a computer and manage files from any other device. On my phone I use the FtpCafe
program for this.
That's all! In the next article I will write how you can stream video from a PC to a phone without the Internet (or how to survive in the country with a router, a laptop and an external drive with a bunch of TV shows)